Two categories of people can attend a seminar of posturology, health professionals or not.
Clinical posturology is the clinical study of tonic postural system, which is the main actor of the automatic upright standing in humans. It is a complex function, and a complex strategy linked to the spatiality. In a practical way for therapists, they have to consider the whole tonic postural system as a set of the following elements, acting together:
– Exocaptors (sensory receptors of information coming from outside the body) issuing central nervous system messages that allow human body to place himself in relation to his environment (retinas, hearing system, skin contact functions);
– Proprioceptors (sensory receptors of information coming from inside the body) issuing central nervous system messages that allow human body to know the relative positions of different body segments against each other;
– The central nervous system that integrate the information from all of these sensors, and develop an appropriate response to each situation (strategies);
– The effectors, the muscles (in fact, only the muscle tone is concerned).
The clinical syndromes caused by different tonic postural system disturbances can be classified into three categories:
– pain syndromes, mostly the vertebral axis;
– instabilities and dizziness;
– cognitive syndromes (close to some psychological deseases, anxiety, dysfunctions of body feeling).
The clinical signs are many and varied, but can be classified into cardinal signs and accessories signs. This include spinal and joint pain, instability, pseudo-depressive syndromes.
The clinical approach of postural syndromes in clinical posturology is performed through a clinical analysis and patient rigorous paraclinique examination in order to:
– Do a positive diagnosis of postural syndrome, still functional;
– Determine (by various clinical tests) the type of information and the concerned sensors involved if any;
– Do a multidisciplinary therapeutic proposal to amend (restore) the effectiveness of the sensors and / or the central nervous system integration and strategy, and thus correct the postural system functionning, after excluding a non-functional pathology (this can be done by a general practionner knowing the postural system in details and its physiological laws, by a concerned specialist or by a therapist in posturology).
The functional treatment may itself, according to the syndrome configuration, include:
– A pair of insoles, simply prescribed or sometimes made by a podiatrist specialized in posturology (postural insoles);
– Rehabilitation eye movements, sometimes incoordination with an ophthalmologist, an orthoptist, an optometrist and /or the optician;
– The musculoskeletal system treatment by a rheumatologist, an osteopath, a physiotherapist;
– The manducatory system treatment by an occlusodontist, a specialist of parafunctions and dysfonctions (physiological reflexes acting on the relations between the two jaws) and sometimes the orthodontist.
– An auriculotherapy treatment, that is an ideal treatment for the central nervous system integration functions.
For non therapists, sport practising, fitness, welness professionnals.
As part of the sports training and wellness, posturology is an invaluable technique to optimize the sporting gesture, dramatically reduce risk, increase accuracy and fluency.
For these reasons, any professional or person practicing these techniques can get the benefit of postural approach. Posturology being a functional technique, it can be applied in a simple way outside major postural syndrome and with great efficiency.
The knowledge is similar, but the techniques of rehabilitation can be adapted for this objective. It is why postural knowledge and rehabilitation are also incredible tolls for these professionnals or practitioners.